Best practices in the cold storage warehousing segment

Cold storage management businesses are a great and upcoming enterprise in various third world economies. Like all other enterprises, cold storage too is subject to various intricacies, which have to bring in the best practices before you see your cold storage business flourish.

The intricacies of a cold storage enterprise involve expertise ranging from architects, industrial engineers, refrigeration expertise, and thermal experts working in close co-ordination. Read on to understand some of the factors that go into cold storage operation management. cold storage warehousingMANAGING TEMPERATURE CHANGES

Proper cooling is critical to the issue of food safety in the food distribution chains. This is where the co-ordination between the thermal engineer and concept designers comes into play. Usually a single storage facility will ask for multiple requirements of temperature settings. Cooling experts will accordingly place rooms next to each other for efficient cooling mitigation or sharing.

Cold storage services in India and the world need to certainly take into consideration the changing market and future needs. For instance, cooling can be made future flexible by changing a cooler into a freezer as per a rising future requirement. This is possible only if this transition is kept in mind during initial installation.

The cooling of a system is dictated by compressor selection, condenser configuration, and the selection of evaporator-air unit. These variables should be selected as per the cost-return ratio.

Managers also use continuous24/7 monitoring systems for monitoring the temperature changes. When there are changes in the temperature, alerts are created and recorded in the system.


It must be kept in mind that cold chain and supplies facilities call for huge amounts of running costs. In this situation, costs could be cut as per individual requirements and set-ups of the cold storage in question. Examples of these considerations could be an under-floor heating or placement of adjacent rooms to control and mitigate temperatures or maybe selection of LED for lighting your premises.

The setup of the construction can be deciding factor for bettering efficiency of energy. Electrical supply to the cold storage should be very well connected and free of power cuts. When there is, a power cut in a cold-storage facility; it leads to major financial losses.

Being careful with electrical utilities means variables such as operating voltages, standby power option, and good distribution between rooms.

Similarly, they use automation in warehousing technology. This allows doors to close automatically for power saving. This is backed by auto cut off feature that also saves on the power consumption.


When it comes to controlling heat loss, the best option is thermal and roofing. Considering the high levels of energy required for running a cold chain logistics facility it is always a good decision to install a vapour barrier between rooms. When doing this take into consideration the thickness of the insulation materials for the roof as well as walls. Engineers also often coat the roof with reflective white material that would send back the incoming sun heat.


The equipment required for utility in a cold storage is diverse. They range from devices with anti-fog screens to switches that can be operated through the thickness of gloves. Very important are battery packs that remain functional under very cold conditions.

  • Equipment, especially heavy equipment should preferably be certified.
  • There is should be enough flexibility in the data gathering equipment.
  • The most preferred handheld computer for operations control is the Dynamics NAV by Microsoft.
  • Think about making customer inventory movements’ pre planned and include customer trend forecast.


Operators of cold chain and supplies facilities should always have in place a complete emergency plan that determines the nature of the hazards that a person working in a cold storage are subject to. This includes assessing the levels of risk posed to employees as well as the risk posed to the operation and facility itself.

  • Styrene should preferably be used as an insulation material
  • A fire audit report is required to have been prepared and an emergency management plan developed.
  • Any emergency management plan must be developed in consultation with employees.
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